Search Staff


0 16 March 2016




  • Provides efficient protection against mechanical disturbances, infections and hazardous substance
  • Acts as a sensory organ
  • Helps regulate temperature
  • Prevent excessive fluid loss and absorption
  • Acts as an immune organ to detect infections etc.
  • Reduces harmful effect on UV radiation
  • Helps in the production of vitamin D




A burn is an injury that is caused by heat, radiation. Chemicals or electricity


  • Nearly half of several burns and scalds occur in children aged under five years. About half of these accidents happens in the kitchen, with scalds from hot liquids being the most common.
  • Many accidents involve the child reaching up and pulling on a mug or cup of hot drink. Others common causes include children falling of climbing into a bath of very hot water, and accidents with kettles teapots, coffee-pots, pans, iron, cookers, fires and heaters.




  • Preventing scalds and burns especially in children
  • Keep young children out of the kitchen unless they are fully supervised
  • The front of the oven, and even the washing machine, can become hot enough to burn a young child. Keep them always.
  • Use the back rings of cookers when possible. Turn pan handles towards the back and away from where a child may reach and grab.
  • Never drink hot drinks with a baby or child in your lap.
  • Never let a child drink a hot drink through a straw
  • Teach older children how to boil kettles and how to use a cooker safely. There is no right for this. Every child is different. However, it is important to teach them correctly when the time is right rather than let them find out for themselves.
  • Never heat up a baby’s milk in a microwave. It may heat the milk unevenly and some parts may become very hot. Stir baby food well if it is heated in a microwave.
  • Put cold water in the bath first, and then bring up the temperature with hot water.
  • Do not set the thermostat for hot water too high in case children turn on the hot tap. Best to see a doctor or nurse.



See a doctor or nurse as soon as possible if:

  • The burn because infected. Infection causes a spreading redness from the burn, which becomes more painful.
  • You are not up to date with tetanus immunization.
  • Blisters occurs. You may be happy to deal with small burn. With a small blister. However, a blister means a partial thickness burn.



Don’t do the following.

  • Prick any blisters. It is better to leave them intact, to lessen the risk of infection.
  • Apply creams, ointments, oils, grease, etc. (The exception is for mild sunburn. A moisturizer cream may help to soothe this.)
  • Put on an adhesive, sticky or fluffy dressing.


Treatment of minor burns

This includes first –degree burns and second –degree burns limited to area no larger than 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) in diameter, take the following action:

  • Cool the burn. Hold the burned area under cool (not cold) running water for 10 or 15 minutes or until the pain subsides. If this is impractical, immerse the burn in cool water or cool it with cold compresses. Cooling the burn reduces swelling by conducting heat away from the skin. Don’t ice on the burn.
  • Cover the burn with a sterile gauze bandage. Don’t use fluffy cottons, or other materials that may get lint in the wound. Wrap the gauze loosely to avoid putting pressure on burned skin. Bandaging keeps air off the burn, reduces pain and protects blistered skin.
  • Take an over – the counter pain relievers.

These include aspirin (not used in children), ibuprofen or Panadol








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