Search Staff


0 16 June 2016


Hepatitis A means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis causes jaundice. Jaundice is the yellowish coloration of the eye and the skin. Hepatitis makes people feel extremely weak and ill. It can cause pain, diarrhea and vomiting.

With age, the disease becomes more severe and dangerous. Vaccination is the most effective way to reduce hepatitis A incidence. Vaccination increases the body immunity against the disease. Therefore, the vaccine protects children from 1 year onward and adults for a long time against hepatitis A.

Hepatitis A virus is easily transmitted by eating or drinking contaminated food or water.

Neglecting hand washing after visiting the toilets or infected person can all result in spreading infection from one person to another.


Hepatitis B is an infectious illness caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) which infects the liver and causes an inflammation called hepatitis. Originally known as ‘serum hepatitis’, the disease has cause epidemics in parts of Asia and Africa.

Transmission of hepatitis B virus results from exposure to infectious blood or body fluid such as semen and vaginal fluids.

Mother to child infection is major route of infection in endemic (mainly developing) countries. Other risk factors for developing HBV infection include working in a healthcare setting, transfusions, and dialysis, acupuncture, tattooing, extended overseas travel and residence in an institution.

The acute illness causes liver inflammation, vomiting, jaundice and (rarely) death. Chronic hepatitis B may eventually cause cirrhosis and liver cancer- a fatal disease with very poor response to current chemotherapy. The infection is preventable by vaccination using the Hepatitis B vaccine.