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SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTENSION

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTENSION
0 30 March 2016

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Most of the time there are no symptoms of hypertension, unless a patient visit their health care providers. Hence, people easily develop kidney and heart diseases without knowing they have a high blood pressure.

CAUSES OF HYPERTENSION.

Primary cause of hypertension (when there no specific cause)

  • The older you get the higher the chances.
  • Family –history of high blood pressure
  • High intake of salt in the food
  • Lack of exercise
  • Being overweight
  • Smoking
  • Drinking large amount of alcohol
  • Stress

Secondary causes of hypertension (there is an underlying causes)

  • Kidney diseases
  • Diabetes
  • Narrowing of blood vessels
  • 0ral contraceptives pills
  • Pregnancy
  • Hormonal changes

HYPERTENSION

This is the force against the walls of the blood arteries.

Blood pressure is recorded in two numbers.

  • Systolic pressure- the pressure when the heart beats, records on top.
  • Diastolic pressure- the pressure when the heart relaxes in between beats.
  • The normal blood pressure is 120/80mmmhg, and it’s measured in millimeters of mercury (mmm hg).
  • When your blood pressure is lower than 120/80mmhg, that is low blood pressure.
  • When the blood pressure reading ranges between 120- 139 or 80-89 that is known as pre – hypertension.
  • High blood pressure (hypertension) is when your blood pressure is higher than 140/90mmmhg.

PREVENTION OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

High blood pressure can be prevented by eating healthy, maintaining a healthy weight, taking regular exercise, drinking alcohol in moderation and not smoking.

If you don’t have a high blood pressure, healthy life style can make you maintain a normal high blood pressure.

The following are ways on how you can reduce or maintain your blood pressure

  • Losing weight
  • Exercising regularly
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Cutting down on salt
  • Cutting down on caffeine
  • Limit amount of alcohol

Many people who adapt a healthy lifestyle are able to reduce or delay high blood pressure. The more lifestyle changes you make, the more likely you are to lower your blood pressure or reduce related health problems.

For your physical and emotional health, learn on how to reduce and manage stress.

COMPLICATIONS OF HYPERTENSION.

When your blood pressure is not well controlled you are at the risk of developing complications.

They include the following;

  • Bleeding from the large blood vessels
  • Chronic kidney problems
  • Heart attacks or failure
  • Stroke
  • Eye diseases
  • Dementia

A diagram showing the major complications of hypertension

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