Search Staff


0 14 September 2016

Influenza, commonly referred to as the flu, is an infectious disease caused by the influenza viruses that affects birds and mammals. The most common symptoms of the disease are chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severe headache, coughing, weakness/fatigue and general discomfort. Although it is often confused with other influenza-like illnesses, especially the common cold, influenza is a more severe disease than the common cold and is caused by a different type of virus. Influenza may produce nausea and vomiting, particularly in children. Flu can occasionally cause either direct viral pneumonia or secondary bacterial pneumonia. Influenza is transmitted through the air by coughs or sneezes. Influenza can also be transmitted by direct contact with bird droppings or nasal secretions, or through contact with contaminated surfaces. Influenza viruses can be inactivated by sunlight, disinfectants and detergents. As the virus can be inactivated by soap, frequent hand washing reduces the risk of infection. Vaccination against influenza with influenza with an influenza vaccine is recommended for high- risk groups, such as children and the elderly, or in people who have asthma, diabetes, heart disease, or are immune- compromised