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0 16 June 2016

HEPATITIS A Hepatitis A means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis causes jaundice. Jaundice is the yellowish coloration of the eye and the skin. Hepatitis makes people feel extremely weak and ill. It can cause pain, diarrhea and vomiting. With age, the disease becomes more severe and dangerous. Vaccination is the most effective way to reduce hepatitis A incidence. Vaccination increases the body immunity against the disease. Therefore, the vaccine protects children from 1 year onward and adults for a long time against hepatitis A. Hepatitis A virus is easily transmitted by eating or drinking contaminated food or water. Neglecting hand washing after visiting the toilets or infected person can all result in spreading infection from one person to another. HEPATITIS B Hepatitis B is an infectious illness caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) which infects the liver and causes an inflammation called hepatitis. Originally known as ‘serum hepatitis’, the disease has cause epidemics in parts of Asia and Africa. Transmission of hepatitis B virus results from exposure to infectious blood or body fluid such as semen and vaginal fluids. Mother to child infection is major route of infection in endemic (mainly de

0 16 March 2016

THE SKIN skin1 Functions

  • Provides efficient protection against mechanical disturbances, infections and hazardous substance
  • Acts as a sensory organ
  • Helps regulate temperature
  • Prevent excessive fluid loss and absorption
  • Acts as an immune organ to detect infections etc.
  • Reduces harmful effect on UV radiation
  • Helps in the production of vitamin D

  BURNS skin2 A burn is an injury that is caused by heat, radiation. Chemicals or electricity Causes

  • Nearly half of several burns and scalds occur in children aged under five years. About half of these accidents happens in the kitchen, with scalds from hot liquids being the most common.
  • Many accidents involve the child reaching up and pulling on a mug or cup of hot drink. Others common causes include children falling of climbing into

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0 23 February 2016

Chronic wounds -is a wound that take more than 10 days to heal FACTORS THAT LEAD TO QUICK HEALING OF WOUNDS

  • Proper wound dressing
  • Application of medications
  • Maintenance of sterility during dressing


  • Diabetes mellitus, leading to blood supply
  • Patients with HIV/AIDS
  • Poor sterility techniques


  • Proper wound cleaning
  • Debridement of dead tissues to allow good wound granulation.
  • Check on blood sugars
  • Skin grafting can be done if the wound is not healing
  • If the wound becomes dangerous, then amputation is the next option
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